Advertisement

Complications After Esophagectomy

      Keywords

      To read this article in full you will need to make a payment

      Purchase one-time access:

      Academic & Personal: 24 hour online accessCorporate R&D Professionals: 24 hour online access
      One-time access price info
      • For academic or personal research use, select 'Academic and Personal'
      • For corporate R&D use, select 'Corporate R&D Professionals'

      Subscribers receive full online access to your subscription and archive of back issues up to and including 2002.

      Content published before 2002 is available via pay-per-view purchase only.

      Subscribe:

      Subscribe to Surgical Clinics
      Already a print subscriber? Claim online access
      Already an online subscriber? Sign in
      Institutional Access: Sign in to ScienceDirect

      References

        • Kamangar F.
        • Dores G.M.
        • Anderson W.F.
        Patterns of cancer incidence, mortality, and prevalence across five continents: defining priorities to reduce cancer disparities in different geographic regions of the world.
        J Clin Oncol. 2006; 24: 2137-2150
        • Jamieson G.G.
        • Mathew G.
        • Ludemann R.
        • et al.
        Postoperative mortality following oesophagectomy and problems in reporting its rate.
        Br J Surg. 2004; 91: 943-947
        • Low D.E.
        • Kuppusamy M.K.
        • Alderson D.
        • et al.
        Benchmarking complications associated with esophagectomy.
        Ann Surg. 2019; 269: 291-298
        • Shen K.R.
        • Harrison-Phipps K.M.
        • Cassivi S.D.
        • et al.
        Esophagectomy after anti-reflux surgery.
        J Thorac Cardiovasc Surg. 2010; 139: 969-975
        • Bailey S.H.
        • Bull D.A.
        • Harpole D.H.
        • et al.
        Outcomes after esophagectomy: a ten-year prospective cohort.
        Ann Thorac Surg. 2003; 75 ([discussion: 222]): 217-222
        • Metzger R.
        • Bollschweiler E.
        • Vallbohmer D.
        • et al.
        High volume centers for esophagectomy: what is the number needed to achieve low postoperative mortality?.
        Dis Esophagus. 2004; 17: 310-314
        • Martin L.W.
        • Swisher S.G.
        • Hofstetter W.
        • et al.
        Intrathoracic leaks following esophagectomy are no longer associated with increased mortality.
        Ann Surg. 2005; 242 ([discussion: 399–402]): 392-399
        • Giuli R.
        • Gignoux M.
        Treatment of carcinoma of the esophagus. Retrospective study of 2,400 patients.
        Ann Surg. 1980; 192: 44-52
        • Muller J.M.
        • Erasmi H.
        • Stelzner M.
        • et al.
        Surgical therapy of oesophageal carcinoma.
        Br J Surg. 1990; 77: 845-857
        • Sauvanet A.
        • Baltar J.
        • Le Mee J.
        • et al.
        Diagnosis and conservative management of intrathoracic leakage after oesophagectomy.
        Br J Surg. 1998; 85: 1446-1449
        • Whooley B.P.
        • Law S.
        • Alexandrou A.
        • et al.
        Critical appraisal of the significance of intrathoracic anastomotic leakage after esophagectomy for cancer.
        Am J Surg. 2001; 181: 198-203
        • Orringer M.B.
        • Marshall B.
        • Iannettoni M.D.
        Transhiatal esophagectomy: clinical experience and refinements.
        Ann Surg. 1999; 230 ([discussion: 400–3]): 392-400
        • Urschel J.D.
        Esophagogastrostomy anastomotic leaks complicating esophagectomy: a review.
        Am J Surg. 1995; 169: 634-640
        • Chen K.N.
        Managing complications I: leaks, strictures, emptying, reflux, chylothorax.
        J Thorac Dis. 2014; 6: S355-S363
        • Patil P.K.
        • Patel S.G.
        • Mistry R.C.
        • et al.
        Cancer of the esophagus: esophagogastric anastomotic leak--a retrospective study of predisposing factors.
        J Surg Oncol. 1992; 49: 163-167
        • Doty J.R.
        • Salazar J.D.
        • Forastiere A.A.
        • et al.
        Postesophagectomy morbidity, mortality, and length of hospital stay after preoperative chemoradiation therapy.
        Ann Thorac Surg. 2002; 74 ([discussion: 231]): 227-231
        • Zacherl J.
        • Sendler A.
        • Stein H.J.
        • et al.
        Current status of neoadjuvant therapy for adenocarcinoma of the distal esophagus.
        World J Surg. 2003; 27: 1067-1074
        • Raman V.
        • Moodie K.L.
        • Ofoche O.O.
        • et al.
        Endoscopy after esophagectomy: safety demonstrated in a porcine model.
        J Thorac Cardiovasc Surg. 2017; 154: 1152-1158
        • Aiko S.
        • Yoshizumi Y.
        • Sugiura Y.
        • et al.
        Beneficial effects of immediate enteral nutrition after esophageal cancer surgery.
        Surg Today. 2001; 31: 971-978
        • Baigrie R.J.
        • Devitt P.G.
        • Watkin D.S.
        Enteral versus parenteral nutrition after oesophagogastric surgery: a prospective randomized comparison.
        Aust N Z J Surg. 1996; 66: 668-670
        • Mercer C.D.
        • Mungara A.
        Enteral feeding in esophageal surgery.
        Nutrition. 1996; 12: 200-201
        • Weijs T.J.
        • van Eden H.W.J.
        • Ruurda J.P.
        • et al.
        Routine jejunostomy tube feeding following esophagectomy.
        J Thorac Dis. 2017; 9: S851-S860
        • Berkelmans G.H.
        • van Workum F.
        • Weijs T.J.
        • et al.
        The feeding route after esophagectomy: a review of literature.
        J Thorac Dis. 2017; 9: S785-S791
        • Srinathan S.K.
        • Hamin T.
        • Walter S.
        • et al.
        Jejunostomy tube feeding in patients undergoing esophagectomy.
        Can J Surg. 2013; 56: 409-414
        • Bozzetti F.
        • Braga M.
        • Gianotti L.
        • et al.
        Postoperative enteral versus parenteral nutrition in malnourished patients with gastrointestinal cancer: a randomised multicentre trial.
        Lancet. 2001; 358: 1487-1492
        • Braga M.
        • Gianotti L.
        • Vignali A.
        • et al.
        Artificial nutrition after major abdominal surgery: impact of route of administration and composition of the diet.
        Crit Care Med. 1998; 26: 24-30
        • Peng J.
        • Cai J.
        • Niu Z.X.
        • et al.
        Early enteral nutrition compared with parenteral nutrition for esophageal cancer patients after esophagectomy: a meta-analysis.
        Dis Esophagus. 2016; 29: 333-341
        • Crestanello J.A.
        • Deschamps C.
        • Cassivi S.D.
        • et al.
        Selective management of intrathoracic anastomotic leak after esophagectomy.
        J Thorac Cardiovasc Surg. 2005; 129: 254-260
        • Paul S.
        • Bueno R.
        Section VI: complications following esophagectomy: early detection, treatment, and prevention.
        Semin Thorac Cardiovasc Surg. 2003; 15: 210-215
        • Dasari B.V.
        • Neely D.
        • Kennedy A.
        • et al.
        The role of esophageal stents in the management of esophageal anastomotic leaks and benign esophageal perforations.
        Ann Surg. 2014; 259: 852-860
        • Watkins J.R.
        • Farivar A.S.
        Endoluminal therapies for esophageal perforations and leaks.
        Thorac Surg Clin. 2018; 28: 541-554
        • Dickinson K.J.
        • Blackmon S.H.
        Management of conduit necrosis following esophagectomy.
        Thorac Surg Clin. 2015; 25: 461-470
        • Lainas P.
        • Fuks D.
        • Gaujoux S.
        • et al.
        Preoperative imaging and prediction of oesophageal conduit necrosis after oesophagectomy for cancer.
        Br J Surg. 2017; 104: 1346-1354
        • Sahebazamani M.
        • Rubio E.
        • Boyd M.
        Airway gastric fistula after esophagectomy for esophageal cancer.
        Ann Thorac Surg. 2012; 93: 988-990
        • Bartels H.E.
        • Stein H.J.
        • Siewert J.R.
        Tracheobronchial lesions following oesophagectomy: prevalence, predisposing factors and outcome.
        Br J Surg. 1998; 85: 403-406
        • Scholtemeijer M.G.
        • Seesing M.F.J.
        • Brenkman H.J.F.
        • et al.
        Recurrent laryngeal nerve injury after esophagectomy for esophageal cancer: incidence, management, and impact on short- and long-term outcomes.
        J Thorac Dis. 2017; 9: S868-S878
        • Sachs P.B.
        • Zelch M.G.
        • Rice T.W.
        • et al.
        Diagnosis and localization of laceration of the thoracic duct: usefulness of lymphangiography and CT.
        AJR Am J Roentgenol. 1991; 157: 703-705
        • Bryant A.S.
        • Minnich D.J.
        • Wei B.
        • et al.
        The incidence and management of postoperative chylothorax after pulmonary resection and thoracic mediastinal lymph node dissection.
        Ann Thorac Surg. 2014; 98 ([discussion: 235–7]): 232-235
        • Orringer M.B.
        • Bluett M.
        • Deeb G.M.
        Aggressive treatment of chylothorax complicating transhiatal esophagectomy without thoracotomy.
        Surgery. 1988; 104: 720-726
        • Majdalany B.S.
        • Khayat M.
        • Downing T.
        • et al.
        Lymphatic interventions for isolated, iatrogenic chylous ascites: a multi-institution experience.
        Eur J Radiol. 2018; 109: 41-47
        • Kariya S.
        • Nakatani M.
        • Yoshida R.
        • et al.
        Embolization for thoracic duct collateral leakage in high-output chylothorax after thoracic surgery.
        Cardiovasc Intervent Radiol. 2017; 40: 55-60
        • Stawicki S.P.
        • Prosciak M.P.
        • Gerlach A.T.
        • et al.
        Atrial fibrillation after esophagectomy: an indicator of postoperative morbidity.
        Gen Thorac Cardiovasc Surg. 2011; 59: 399-405
        • Day R.W.
        • Jaroszewski D.
        • Chang Y.H.
        • et al.
        Incidence and impact of postoperative atrial fibrillation after minimally invasive esophagectomy.
        Dis Esophagus. 2016; 29: 583-588
        • Booka E.
        • Takeuchi H.
        • Nishi T.
        • et al.
        The impact of postoperative complications on survivals after esophagectomy for esophageal cancer.
        Medicine (Baltimore). 2015; 94: e1369
        • Shiozaki A.
        • Fujiwara H.
        • Okamura H.
        • et al.
        Risk factors for postoperative respiratory complications following esophageal cancer resection.
        Oncol Lett. 2012; 3: 907-912
        • Nozaki I.
        • Mizusawa J.
        • Kato K.
        • et al.
        Impact of laparoscopy on the prevention of pulmonary complications after thoracoscopic esophagectomy using data from JCOG0502: a prospective multicenter study.
        Surg Endosc. 2018; 32: 651-659
        • Nozaki I.
        • Kato K.
        • Igaki H.
        • et al.
        Erratum to: evaluation of safety profile of thoracoscopic esophagectomy for T1bN0M0 cancer using data from JCOG0502: a prospective multicenter study.
        Surg Endosc. 2015; 29: 3527
        • Hulzebos E.H.
        • Helders P.J.
        • Favie N.J.
        • et al.
        Preoperative intensive inspiratory muscle training to prevent postoperative pulmonary complications in high-risk patients undergoing CABG surgery: a randomized clinical trial.
        JAMA. 2006; 296: 1851-1857
        • Katsura M.
        • Kuriyama A.
        • Takeshima T.
        • et al.
        Preoperative inspiratory muscle training for postoperative pulmonary complications in adults undergoing cardiac and major abdominal surgery.
        Cochrane Database Syst Rev. 2015; (CD010356)
        • Hulzebos E.H.
        • Smit Y.
        • Helders P.P.
        • et al.
        Preoperative physical therapy for elective cardiac surgery patients.
        Cochrane Database Syst Rev. 2012; (CD010118)
        • Baker S.
        • Waldrop M.G.
        • Swords J.
        • et al.
        Timed stair-climbing as a surrogate marker for sarcopenia measurements in predicting surgical outcomes.
        J Gastrointest Surg. 2018; https://doi.org/10.1007/s11605-018-4042-0
        • Reddy S.
        • Contreras C.M.
        • Singletary B.
        • et al.
        Timed stair climbing is the single strongest predictor of perioperative complications in patients undergoing abdominal surgery.
        J Am Coll Surg. 2016; 222: 559-566
        • Weijs T.J.
        • Seesing M.F.
        • van Rossum P.S.
        • et al.
        Internal and external validation of a multivariable model to define hospital-acquired pneumonia after esophagectomy.
        J Gastrointest Surg. 2016; 20: 680-687
        • Sutcliffe R.P.
        • Forshaw M.J.
        • Tandon R.
        • et al.
        Anastomotic strictures and delayed gastric emptying after esophagectomy: incidence, risk factors and management.
        Dis Esophagus. 2008; 21: 712-717
        • Smith D.S.
        • Williams C.S.
        • Ferris C.D.
        Diagnosis and treatment of chronic gastroparesis and chronic intestinal pseudo-obstruction.
        Gastroenterol Clin North Am. 2003; 32: 619-658
        • Price T.N.
        • Allen M.S.
        • Nichols 3rd, F.C.
        • et al.
        Hiatal hernia after esophagectomy: analysis of 2,182 esophagectomies from a single institution.
        Ann Thorac Surg. 2011; 92: 2041-2045
        • Kent M.S.
        • Luketich J.D.
        • Tsai W.
        • et al.
        Revisional surgery after esophagectomy: an analysis of 43 patients.
        Ann Thorac Surg. 2008; 86 ([discussion: 967–74]): 975-983
        • Gooszen J.A.H.
        • Slaman A.E.
        • van Dieren S.
        • et al.
        Incidence and treatment of symptomatic diaphragmatic hernia after esophagectomy for cancer.
        Ann Thorac Surg. 2018; 106: 199-206
        • Ulloa Severino B.
        • Fuks D.
        • Christidis C.
        • et al.
        Laparoscopic repair of hiatal hernia after minimally invasive esophagectomy.
        Surg Endosc. 2016; 30: 1068-1072
        • Oor J.E.
        • Wiezer M.J.
        • Hazebroek E.J.
        Hiatal hernia after open versus minimally invasive esophagectomy: a systematic review and meta-analysis.
        Ann Surg Oncol. 2016; 23: 2690-2698
        • Kim D.
        • Min Y.W.
        • Park J.G.
        • et al.
        Influence of esophagectomy on the gastroesophageal reflux in patients with esophageal cancer.
        Dis Esophagus. 2017; 30: 1-7
        • Dai Z.
        • He Q.
        • Pan B.
        • et al.
        Postoperative complication assessments of different reconstruction procedures after total pharyngolaryngoesophagectomy: tubular gastric pull-up versus whole gastric pull-up.
        Am Surg. 2018; 84: 1927-1931
        • D'Journo X.B.
        • Martin J.
        • Gaboury L.
        • et al.
        Roux-en-Y diversion for intractable reflux after esophagectomy.
        Ann Thorac Surg. 2008; 86: 1646-1652