Advertisement

Epidemiology and Risk Factors of Melanoma

Published:November 04, 2019DOI:https://doi.org/10.1016/j.suc.2019.09.005

      Keywords

      To read this article in full you will need to make a payment

      Purchase one-time access:

      Academic & Personal: 24 hour online accessCorporate R&D Professionals: 24 hour online access
      One-time access price info
      • For academic or personal research use, select 'Academic and Personal'
      • For corporate R&D use, select 'Corporate R&D Professionals'

      Subscribers receive full online access to your subscription and archive of back issues up to and including 2002.

      Content published before 2002 is available via pay-per-view purchase only.

      Subscribe:

      Subscribe to Surgical Clinics
      Already a print subscriber? Claim online access
      Already an online subscriber? Sign in
      Institutional Access: Sign in to ScienceDirect

      References

        • Rastrelli M.
        • Tropea S.
        • Rossi C.R.
        • et al.
        Melanoma: epidemiology, risk factors, pathogenesis, diagnosis and classification.
        In Vivo. 2014; 28: 1005-1011
        • Gershenwald J.E.
        • Guy Jr., G.P.
        Stemming the rising incidence of melanoma: calling prevention to action.
        J Natl Cancer Inst. 2016; 108 ([pii:djv381])
      1. Survival rates for melanoma skin cancer.
        (Available at:) (Accessed December 1, 2018)
        • Schuchter L.
        Melanoma and non-melanoma skin cancers.
        in: Goldman L. Schafer A.I. Goldman-Cecil Medicine. 25th Edition. Elsevier, Philadelphia2016
        • Chang A.E.
        • Karnell L.H.
        • Menck H.R.
        The National Cancer Data Base report on cutaneous and noncutaneous melanoma: a summary of 84,836 cases from the past decade. The American College of Surgeons Commission on Cancer and the American Cancer Society.
        Cancer. 1998; 83: 1664-1678
        • Shaikh W.R.
        • Dusza S.W.
        • Weinstock M.A.
        • et al.
        Melanoma thickness and survival trends in the United States, 1989 to 2009.
        J Natl Cancer Inst. 2016; 108 ([pii:djv29])
        • Watts C.G.
        • Madronio C.
        • Morton R.L.
        • et al.
        Clinical Features associated with individuals at higher risk of melanoma: a population-based study.
        JAMA Dermatol. 2017; 153: 23-29
        • Oliveria S.A.
        • Saraiya M.
        • Geller A.C.
        • et al.
        Sun exposure and risk of melanoma.
        Arch Dis Child. 2006; 91: 131-138
      2. Key statistics for melanoma skin cancer.
        (Available at:) (Accessed April 7, 2018)
        • Dawes S.M.
        • Tsai S.
        • Gittleman H.
        • et al.
        Racial disparities in melanoma survival.
        J Am Acad Dermatol. 2016; 75: 983-991
        • Markovic S.N.
        • Erickson L.A.
        • Rao R.D.
        • et al.
        Malignant melanoma in the 21st century, part 1: epidemiology, risk factors, screening, prevention, and diagnosis.
        Mayo Clin Proc. 2007; 82: 364-380
        • Wu S.
        • Cho E.
        • Li W.Q.
        • et al.
        History of severe sunburn and risk of skin cancer among women and men in 2 prospective cohort studies.
        Am J Epidemiol. 2016; 183: 824-833
        • El Ghissassi F.
        • Baan R.
        • Straif K.
        • et al.
        A review of human carcinogens–part D: radiation.
        Lancet Oncol. 2009; 10: 751-752
      3. IARC monographs on the evaluation of carcinogenic risks to humans. Solar and ultraviolet radiation.
        IARC Monogr Eval Carcinog Risks Hum. 1992; 55: 1-316
        • Falcone L.M.
        • Zeidler-Erdely P.C.
        Skin cancer and welding.
        Clin Exp Dermatol. 2019; 44: 130-134
        • Nagore E.
        • Hueso L.
        • Botella-Estrada R.
        • et al.
        Smoking, sun exposure, number of nevi and previous neoplasias are risk factors for melanoma in older patients (60 years and over).
        J Eur Acad Dermatol Venereol. 2010; 24: 50-57
        • Bauer A.
        • Diepgen T.L.
        • Schmitt J.
        Is occupational solar ultraviolet irradiation a relevant risk factor for basal cell carcinoma? A systematic review and meta-analysis of the epidemiological literature.
        Br J Dermatol. 2011; 165: 612-625
        • Schmitt J.
        • Seidler A.
        • Diepgen T.L.
        • et al.
        Occupational ultraviolet light exposure increases the risk for the development of cutaneous squamous cell carcinoma: a systematic review and meta-analysis.
        Br J Dermatol. 2011; 164: 291-307
        • Guenel P.
        • Laforest L.
        • Cyr D.
        • et al.
        Occupational risk factors, ultraviolet radiation, and ocular melanoma: a case-control study in France.
        Cancer Causes Control. 2001; 12: 451-459
        • Dixon A.J.
        • Dixon B.F.
        Ultraviolet radiation from welding and possible risk of skin and ocular malignancy.
        Med J Aust. 2004; 181: 155-157
        • Wehner M.R.
        • Chren M.M.
        • Nameth D.
        • et al.
        International prevalence of indoor tanning: a systematic review and meta-analysis.
        JAMA Dermatol. 2014; 150: 390-400
        • Ghiasvand R.
        • Rueegg C.S.
        • Weiderpass E.
        • et al.
        Indoor tanning and melanoma risk: long-term evidence from a prospective population-based cohort study.
        Am J Epidemiol. 2017; 185: 147-156
        • Lazovich D.
        • Isaksson Vogel R.
        • Weinstock M.A.
        • et al.
        Association between indoor tanning and melanoma in younger men and women.
        JAMA Dermatol. 2016; 152: 268-275
        • Patel R.V.
        • Clark L.N.
        • Lebwohl M.
        • et al.
        Treatments for psoriasis and the risk of malignancy.
        J Am Acad Dermatol. 2009; 60: 1001-1017
        • Valverde P.
        • Healy E.
        • Jackson I.
        • et al.
        Variants of the melanocyte-stimulating hormone receptor gene are associated with red hair and fair skin in humans.
        Nat Genet. 1995; 11: 328-330
        • Ford D.
        • Bliss J.M.
        • Swerdlow A.J.
        • et al.
        Risk of cutaneous melanoma associated with a family history of the disease. The International Melanoma Analysis Group (IMAGE).
        Int J Cancer. 1995; 62: 377-381
        • Goldstein A.M.
        • Chan M.
        • Harland M.
        • et al.
        Features associated with germline CDKN2A mutations: a GenoMEL study of melanoma-prone families from three continents.
        J Med Genet. 2007; 44: 99-106
        • Zuo L.
        • Weger J.
        • Yang Q.
        • et al.
        Germline mutations in the p16INK4a binding domain of CDK4 in familial melanoma.
        Nat Genet. 1996; 12: 97-99
        • Mersch J.
        • Jackson M.A.
        • Park M.
        • et al.
        Cancers associated with BRCA1 and BRCA2 mutations other than breast and ovarian.
        Cancer. 2015; 121: 269-275
        • Curiel-Lewandrowski C.
        • Speetzen L.S.
        • Cranmer L.
        • et al.
        Multiple primary cutaneous melanomas in Li-Fraumeni syndrome.
        Arch Dermatol. 2011; 147: 248-250
        • Eng C.
        • Li F.P.
        • Abramson D.H.
        • et al.
        Mortality from second tumors among long-term survivors of retinoblastoma.
        J Natl Cancer Inst. 1993; 85: 1121-1128
        • Kraemer K.H.
        • DiGiovanna J.J.
        Forty years of research on xeroderma pigmentosum at the US National Institutes of Health.
        Photochem Photobiol. 2015; 91: 452-459
        • Goldstein A.M.
        • Tucker M.A.
        Dysplastic nevi and melanoma.
        Cancer Epidemiol Biomarkers Prev. 2013; 22: 528-532
        • Gandini S.
        • Sera F.
        • Cattaruzza M.S.
        • et al.
        Meta-analysis of risk factors for cutaneous melanoma: I. Common and atypical naevi.
        Eur J Cancer. 2005; 41: 28-44
        • Spanogle J.P.
        • Clarke C.A.
        • Aroner S.
        • et al.
        Risk of second primary malignancies following cutaneous melanoma diagnosis: a population-based study.
        J Am Acad Dermatol. 2010; 62: 757-767
        • Jones M.S.
        • Jones P.C.
        • Stern S.L.
        • et al.
        The impact of smoking on sentinel node metastasis of primary cutaneous melanoma.
        Ann Surg Oncol. 2017; 24: 2089-2094
        • Li Z.
        • Wang Z.
        • Yu Y.
        • et al.
        Smoking is inversely related to cutaneous malignant melanoma: results of a meta-analysis.
        Br J Dermatol. 2015; 173: 1540-1543
        • Henderson M.T.
        • Kubo J.T.
        • Desai M.
        • et al.
        Smoking behavior and association of melanoma and nonmelanoma skin cancer in the Women's Health Initiative.
        J Am Acad Dermatol. 2015; 72: 190-191.e3
        • Song F.
        • Qureshi A.A.
        • Gao X.
        • et al.
        Smoking and risk of skin cancer: a prospective analysis and a meta-analysis.
        Int J Epidemiol. 2012; 41: 1694-1705
        • Sitenga J.L.
        • Aird G.
        • Ahmed A.
        • et al.
        Socioeconomic status and survival for patients with melanoma in the United States: an NCDB analysis.
        Int J Dermatol. 2018; 57: 1149-1156
        • Clarke C.A.
        • McKinley M.
        • Hurley S.
        • et al.
        Continued increase in melanoma incidence across all socioeconomic status Groups in California, 1998-2012.
        J Invest Dermatol. 2017; 137: 2282-2290
        • Rizvi S.M.H.
        • Aagnes B.
        • Holdaas H.
        • et al.
        Long-term change in the risk of skin cancer after organ transplantation: a population-based nationwide cohort study.
        JAMA Dermatol. 2017; 153: 1270-1277
        • Ascha M.
        • Ascha M.S.
        • Tanenbaum J.
        • et al.
        Risk factors for melanoma in renal transplant recipients.
        JAMA Dermatol. 2017; 153: 1130-1136
        • Yanik E.L.
        • Hernandez-Ramirez R.U.
        • Qin L.
        • et al.
        Brief report: cutaneous melanoma risk among people with HIV in the United States and Canada.
        J Acquir Immune Defic Syndr. 2018; 78: 499-504
        • Omland S.H.
        • Ahlstrom M.G.
        • Gerstoft J.
        • et al.
        Risk of skin cancer in patients with HIV: a Danish nationwide cohort study.
        J Am Acad Dermatol. 2018; 79: 689-695
        • Fattouh K.
        • Ducroux E.
        • Decullier E.
        • et al.
        Increasing incidence of melanoma after solid organ transplantation: a retrospective epidemiological study.
        Transpl Int. 2017; 30: 1172-1180
        • Bataille V.
        • Boniol M.
        • De Vries E.
        • et al.
        A multicentre epidemiological study on sunbed use and cutaneous melanoma in Europe.
        Eur J Cancer. 2005; 41: 2141-2149
        • Matsumoto M.
        • Secrest A.
        • Anderson A.
        • et al.
        Estimating the cost of skin cancer detection by dermatology providers in a large health care system.
        J Am Acad Dermatol. 2018; 78: 701-709 e701
        • Guy Jr., G.P.
        • Zhang Y.
        • Ekwueme D.U.
        • et al.
        The potential impact of reducing indoor tanning on melanoma prevention and treatment costs in the United States: An economic analysis.
        J Am Acad Dermatol. 2017; 76: 226-233
      4. Skin cancer prevention progress report 2018. Centers fo Disease Control and Prevention; US Dept of Health and Human Services, 2018
        • Guy Jr., G.P.
        • Berkowitz Z.
        • Everett Jones S.
        • et al.
        Trends in indoor tanning among US high school students, 2009-2013.
        JAMA Dermatol. 2015; 151: 448-450
        • Nergard-Martin J.
        • Caldwell C.
        • Barr M.
        • et al.
        Perceptions of tanning risk among melanoma patients with a history of indoor tanning.
        Cutis. 2018; 101 (50;55): 47
        • Williams M.S.
        • Buhalog B.
        • Blumenthal L.
        • et al.
        Tanning salon compliance rates in states with legislation to protect youth access to UV tanning.
        JAMA Dermatol. 2018; 154: 67-72